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How do you rip DVDs and transfer the movies to an Apple TV?
DVDs generally are copy-protected, and as a result ripping DVDs and formatting the films for the Apple TV may be illegal depending on the laws in your country. Please be sure to verify that your particular use is legal where you reside.
However, AppleTV Hacker has posted in-depth instructions on how to rip DVDs and transfer them to the original Apple TV using open source software. Subsequent Apple TV models, which are black, do not store movies on the device itself, but only within the iTunes ecosystem. You can, however, rip a DVD on a Mac or PC and stream it to one of these Apple TV models.
Apple reports that the original Apple TV supports "AAC (16 to 320 Kbps); protected AAC (from iTunes Store); MP3 (16 to 320 Kbps); MP3 VBR; Apple Lossless; AIFF; WAV" audio formats and the following video formats:
The Apple Support Site also has more information about the officially compatible file formats. Although it is not supported by Apple, and using it may void your warranty, the hardworking hackers at AwkwardTV have released a plug-in with support for additional file formats.
In an in-depth review that should be read in its entirety, the always excellent iLounge provides details about what these formats mean in "real world" use as well as some of the problems that the original Apple TV has using some video files even when encoded in the above formats but using non-Apple software to do so.
When first released, the original Apple TV had limited support for streaming video directly from the Internet -- it could download and play short previews and trailers from the iTunes Store, but nothing else. Beginning January 15, 2008, however, Apple released new software available as a free update that also made it possible to rent movies directly from a widescreen television using the Apple TV.
The original Apple TV only can be "synced" with a single computer, just like the iPod. This means that movies, TV shows, music, podcasts, and photos organized with iTunes on the "synced" computer are copied to the Apple TV as well, provided that there is adequate storage space on the Apple TV hard drive. The black 2nd Gen Apple TV and 3rd Gen Apple TV do not have to be synchronized with a computer.
The original Apple TV also allows five additional computers, to "stream" content to the Apple TV over a wireless network. This content is not copied to the Apple TV. You can stream movies, TV shows, music, and podcasts, but annoyingly, you cannot stream photos. Photos only can be viewed from the synced computer. The Apple Support Site has more details covering the differences between importing, syncing, and streaming content to the original Apple TV, as well as information on how to sync photos to the original Apple TV.
The black Apple TV 2nd Gen and Apple TV 3rd Gen are designed for streaming alone and do not store content on the device itself. It can be "synced" with a Mac or PC using the iTunes "Home Sharing" feature, but it does not copy this content to the device nor do they require synchronization. The Apple TV 4th Gen, which also is black, has more internal storage than the earlier black models, but is still not designed to store music, TV shows, and movies on the device itself.
The original Apple TV initially output only a Dolby Prologic stereo signal and did not support "true" 5.1 channel surround sound. However, Dolby Digital 5.1 surround sound support via pass-through was added with the "take two" software update. The black Apple TV 2nd Gen and Apple TV 3rd Gen always have supported Dolby Digital 5.1 surround sound via pass-through. Likewise, the Apple TV 4th Gen, which also is black, supports Dolby Digital 5.1 as well as Dolby Digital Plus 7.1.
The audio chip in the Apple TV is a Realtek ALC885, which the manufacturer describes as a "7.1+2 Channel High-Performance High Definition Audio Codec." The specs on this chip are quite impressive, and seem to indicate that the Apple TV’s reported audio-output limitation -- Dolby Pro Logic II -- is due to software, not hardware. In fact, Roughly Drafted reports that if you play a sample DTS audio file through your Apple TV, the Apple TV's optical digital-audio output jack does indeed put out 5.1 audio. On the other hand, the ALC885 also supports "advanced lossless content protection technology," so perhaps we have hardware DRM in our video-playing future.
Sure enough, the subsequently released software update confirmed that the limitation was merely a software restriction rather than a hardware deficiency. For a technical overview of the audio standards that the original Apple TV initially supported, you might also be interested in reading a blog entry from This Much I Know, first spotted by Apple TV Hacker.